(Cơ Cấu Phẩm Trật Của Giáo Hội)
One of most significant ways the Catholic Church differs from other Churches is in its structure. The Catholic Church has a well-defined organizational and leadership structure. As the Body of Christ, we have a strong belief that God calls different people to take different roles within the Church.
The Lay Faithful (laity).
The laity are people who are not ordained or in a consecrated state of life. But through their Baptism laypeople are called to share in the priestly, prophetic, and kingly office of Christ.
Priests and Deacons.
Through the sacrament of Holy Orders, diocesan priests are called to be coworkers with the bishop of a particular diocese. A bishop also ordains deacons, but a deacon is not a priest. The deacon’s role is more oriented toward service and works of charity.
The bishops are the direct successors of the original apostles. They are responsible for the pastoral care of the people within a particular area, called a diocese. Each bishop is also responsible for working with other bishops and with the Pope to lead the worldwide Church.
The Pope, who is also called the Holy Father, is the direct successor of Saint Peter, whom Christ made the foundation of the Church and entrusted with the keys of the Kingdom (Matthew 16:18-19).
The Body of Christ : thân thể mầu nhiệm Đức Kitô
Lay Faithful (laity) : tín hữu, giáo dân
To ordain : phong chức
The priestly office : chức tư tế
Prophetic office : chức tiên tri
Kingly office : chức vương giả
Diocese : giáo phận
Successor : người kế vị
Coworkers : người cộng tác
The Holy Father : Đức Thánh Cha
The worldwide Church : Giáo hội hoàn vũ